Beach Photo


Catherine J. Weinberger

is an independent scholar affiliated with 

the University of California 

Santa Barbara 

Department of Economics and

Institute for Social, Behavioral

and Economic Research

[Longitudinal Studies]     [Working Papers]    [Published Research]     [Contact]

(figure to illustrate recent

Earnings among workers with

both Academic and Social Skills

are higher than they were 30 years ago,
relative to workers with only one type

of skill or the other [Link to Journal]
[Link to pre-publication version pdf]
[Link to other research papers]




 Ph. D. Economics University of California, Berkeley 1993


M.A. Mathematics University of California, Berkeley 1988


B.S. Mathematics University of Wisconsin--Madison 1981


Research Interests



Education and Labor Market Outcomes


-Early educational experiences and later labor market outcomes (with focus on high school mathematics preparation, high school leadership experiences, the science and engineering workforce, and gender and racial differences in educational opportunities).


-Dynamic evolution of earnings growth in college graduate labor markets 


Game Theoretic Models of Bargaining


-How do the rules under which bargaining proceeds affect the efficiency of attainable outcomes?


Measurement Issues in Labor Economics


-Interpreting statistically noisy measures of cognitive ability and school performance


-Combining experimental game theory with longitudinal survey methods to gain new insights into occupational selection

Longitudinal Studies



College and Career Choices Study


Longitudinal Study of U.S. Scientists

Short Surveys

Personality Assessment Trials


Working Papers



<small><small><small>Identifiability and Exchangeability for Direct and Indirect Effects</small></small></small>

"Opting In and Out: Conditional and Unconditional Trends in Women's Transitions, and the Emergence of High-Paid Labor Force Reentry" [pdf]


"A Labor Economist's Perspective on Women in the Information Technology Workforce" [pdf]


" Is the Science and Engineering Workforce Drawn from the Far Upper Tail of the Math Ability Distribution?"  [pdf]


Published Research





"The Increasing Complementarity between Cognitive and Social Skills"  The Review of Economics and Statistics December 2014 96(5):849-86 [Link to Journal] [Link to pre-publication version pdf]

"Are There Racial Gaps in High School Leadership Opportunities? Do Academics Matter More?"  The Review of Black Political Economy December 2014 41(4):393-409 [Link to Journal]  [Link to pre-publication version pdf]

Noncognitive skills in economics_ Models, measurement, and empirical evidence

"Engineering Educational Opportunity: Impacts of 1970s and 1980s Policies to Increase the Share of Black College Graduates with Major in Engineering or Computer Science"  Forthcoming in U.S. Engineering in the Global Economy, edited by Richard Freeman and Hal Salzman, National Bureau of Economic Research/University of Chicago Press Identifiability and Exchangeability for Direct and Indirect Effects   [pdf]


"The State Street Mile: Age and Gender Differences in Competition-Aversion in the Field" (with Rodney J. Garratt and Nick Johnson) Economic Inquiry January 2013, 51(1):806-815.
[earlier version pdf[Link to Journal]


"In Search of the Glass Ceiling: Gender and Earnings Growth among U.S. College Graduates in the 1990's  Industrial and Labor Relations Review October 2011 64(5):949-980. 
[Link to Journal]
   [longer version


"Changing Levels or Changing Slopes?  The Narrowing of the U.S. Gender Earnings Gap, 1959-1999" (with Peter Kuhn)  Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 63(3):384-406, 2010.
[Link to Journal]  [earlier version pdf]


"Leadership Skills and Wages" (with Peter Kuhn)  Journal of Labor Economics, July 2005, 23(3):395-436.  [JSTOR Link] (earlierversion:[pdf]


 "The Relative Earnings of Black College Graduates, 1980-2001"  (with Lois Joy) in Race, Work and Economic Opportunity  in the 21st Century, edited by Marlene Kim, 2007, Routledge. [pdf]


 "Just Ask!  Why Surveyed Women Did Not Pursue College Majors or Careers in Information Technology Fields "   23(2):pages 28-35,Summer 2004, IEEE Technology and Society. [link to journal]


"Is Teaching More Girls More Math the Key to Higher Wages?" in Squaring Up: Policy Strategies to Raise Women's Incomes in the U.S.,  edited by Mary C. King: University of Michigan Press, 2001. [link to publisher]


"Mathematical College Majors and the Gender Gap in Wages." Industrial Relations  38(July):407-13, 1999. [link to journal]


"The Working Poor--A Statistical Artifact?"  Eastern  Economic Journal 25(Spring):155-68, 1999 (with Marlene Kim). [pdf]


"Race and Gender Wage Gaps in the Market for Recent College Graduates."  Industrial Relations 37(January):67-84, 1998. [link to journal]


Game Theory



"Selective Acceptance and Inefficiency in a Two-Issue Complete Information Bargaining Game." Games and Economic Behavior 31(May):262-293, 2000.  ["I agree that Weinberger's paper is quite long, but this is accounted for mostly by the long proofs and by truly interesting examples." Anonymous referee, Games and Economic Behavior]
[link to journal]


Grants and Fellowships


"A Pilot Study of Career Dynamics in the Science and Engineering Workforce" Funded by the National Science Foundation Science of Science and Innovation Policy Program, Social, Behavioral and Economics Directorate, May 2012-April 2013, extended to November 2014.

"Third Wave of a Longitudinal Study" Funded by the International Foundation for Research in Experimental Economics, January 2011-June 2012.

"Impacts of Institution-Level Policies on Science and Engineering Education, Employment, Earnings and Innovation:  A 'Natural' Experiment" Funded by the National Science Foundation Science of Science and Innovation Policy Program, Social, Behavioral and Economics Directorate, January 2009-December 2011, extended to June 2013.


"High School Leadership Skills and Adult Labor Market Outcomes" with Peter Kuhn, Funded by the American Educational Research Association, April 2003-March 2005.


"High School Leadership Activities and the Adult Earnings of Mexican-Americans:  Evidence from Three Decades" with Peter Kuhn, Funded by the Linguistic Minority Research Institute, April 2003-March 2004.


"Entry, Earnings Growth, and Retention in IT Careers: An Economic Study" with Peter Kuhn, Funded by the National Science Foundation Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering, with a contribution from the Social, Behavioral and Economics Directorate, September 2001-August 2004.


"Non-Cognitive Skills and Labor Market Outcomes: An Exploratory Analysis" with Peter Kuhn, Funded by the Institute for Social, Behavioral and Economic Research, April 2000-December 2001.


"Economic Benefits and Barriers to Women who Choose Engineering College Majors" National Academy of Education Spencer Postdoctoral Fellowship, September 1999-June 2001.


"Allocation of a Scarce Resource: High Math Aptitude Women in College and the Labor Market" American Educational Research Association Research Grant, May 1994-October 1996.




Just me.  (link to more recent pictures)


Contact Information



Catherine J. Weinberger


ISBER  (Institute for Social, Behavioral and Economic Research)
University of California
Santa Barbara, CA 93106-2150
(805) 893 8874


weinberg "at"


Last update: Aug 10, 2016